Whats a welder?
A welder is a specialist whose main responsibility is to connect metal components into a single structure by means of electric welding.
The welder’s profession is a great choice for those who want to quickly learn the craft to start working, and at the same time get a good salary. In modern welding, there are many types of welders. Among them, the electric and gas welder remains particularly popular.
In this article, we will answer the question «What is a welder?», what duties he should perform, and how to become a high-class welder.
What does a welder do?
A welder job description is quite large.
This specialty is one of the most popular in the field of construction. Given the current shortage of workers, this profession is highly valued by employers, since welding operations are necessary in almost any production activity, and there is simply no sufficient number of young professionals.
A welder is a working profession that involves performing tasks in a production environment. The employee welds structures, elements, products and pipes made of metal of various types, composition, purpose and degree of complexity. At the same time, the quality of welds is determined by the level of professionalism of the employee. During the welding process, errors that can cause disastrous consequences are not allowed.
What do welders make?
Welding is performed using special equipment that heats the parts and connects them together without using any fasteners. Simply put, during welding, parts are bonded to each other under the influence of heat.
This is a brief description of the process. Of course, there are various welding technologies that use not only heating, but also compression or pressure. To understand the intricacies of the welding process, you need to delve into each of the existing welding technologies. We are talking about welding in General terms.
At the moment, welding is necessary in many areas. Welder can be found on the construction site, in small and large production, in public services. Also, welders collect missiles, planes, frames of buildings and bridges. The advent of welding has truly changed the world and made it possible to get strong connections even in hard-to-reach places.
Some welders prefer more creative work. They are engaged in welding beautiful metal products. It can be the decorative details of the interior, gates, grills, fences, etc. This area is called artistic welding.
Of course, artistic welding requires maximum professionalism from the master and you are unlikely to be able to perform such work after a year of training. But the demand for art products is consistently high, especially in large cities.
As for the usual production welding in the shop, at the factory or on the construction site, this work will require a lot of experience from you. Especially if the seams must meet increased strength requirements. A professional master becomes such only after many years of constant practice.
Different types of welding jobs
This profession is divided into a number of specialties: gas welder, electric welder, operator of welded installations.
Working as a welder involves using the method of electric arc welding or gas welding. In the first variant, an electric arc is used, during which the temperature at the tip of the welded electrode reaches 5000 °C. This indicator goes beyond the melting point of absolutely all metals used. When you apply the gas flame appears in the fire by burning a mixture of combustible gas and atmospheric oxygen. The mixture may include hydrogen, butane, propane, and liquid fuel. The second type of welding is usually used when changing radiators and pipes of the heating system in apartments, since the formation of sparks is excluded during the work. During welding, the worker must adhere to safety rules and protect his face and eyes with a special mask with dark glass. Such a device will significantly reduce the degree of brightness of sparks or flaring flames.
Types of welders:
- gas welders;
- electric and gas welders;
- specialists in thermite welding;
- workers on press welding installations;
- workers on electron beam units;
- workers on diffuse welding machines.
Welder education requirements:
the ability to understand electrical engineering and methods of metal melting;
the ability to understand the characteristics of gases used for anti-oxidation;
the ability to understand the methods and basics of functioning of the devices and installations used;
good knowledge of safety techniques;
necessary theoretical knowledge in the physical and chemical field.
How become a welder:
Here is a basic guideline on how to come to be a welder:
Education and learning:
You should explore the work posts in your geographic location to see what level of education is needed to come to be a welder. At a minimum, most settings will certainly need a GED as well as some form of certification, while others might require an associate level. Many technological colleges as well as vocational institutions supply programs that provide students with both hands-on training and also the certifications called for.
If you choose to go the school course, search for a technical college or professional college that uses hands-on experience. Several pupils find that internships and also instructions are one of the most reliable method to earn both a welding education and learning and real-world work experience.
Technical qualifications: Depending on what is required for companies in your location, you will certainly need at least one, otherwise multiple, of the accreditations detailed in the Certification section above. The minimum need for many employers is the CW certification offered from the American Welding Society.
Technical qualifications and also pertinent work history will need to be highlighted on your resume. Make sure your accreditation remains in good standing, as well as consist of the date that it is up for renewal. Your work experience ought to consist of the company as well as what tasks you carried out during that amount of time. A well set out resume will help you discover an appropriate welding work for you.
Depending on your degree of experience, your application requires to be customized for your geographical location. Usage filters, like those available on Indeed, to narrow down companies who have requirements that fit your education and also experience degree.
A lot of training that a welder gets is throughout a qualification or curriculum. Throughout these welding courses, they will discover all of the needed techniques and also devices used to complete welding tasks. They will likewise obtain instruction on safety and security methods, which is necessary for welders that operate in a harmful environment.
When welders start benefiting a firm, they will certainly receive on-the-job training, which will include finding out more about certain safety measures as well as procedures. Welders might likewise find out about any type of details procedures as well as techniques the company makes use of.
The welder must be:
- physically hardy,
- have good eyesight;
Pros and cons of welding career
Advantages of the specialty:
welders have a constant high demand from employers;
work as a welder is extremely generously paid if the specialist has a lot of experience in this field.
Disadvantages of occupation:
difficult work conditions (often have to deal with welding in extreme conditions, at high altitude or under the influence of adverse weather factors);
a huge burden on the eyes due to high brightness of the IR and UV radiation and an electric arc (experts often years get electrophilia), the workers constantly inhale generated during welding dust, and it also leads to diseases (silicosis, asthma, etc.).
Where do welders work:
- on construction sites;
- in auto repair shops; in industry,
- in factory workshops and in factory production;
- in companies that install and repair communication systems.
Average welder salary
Welders are usually permanent staff members who collaborate with one company. Some welders can find part-time or agreement work. Wages can vary relying on the dimension, kind and also geographical area of the company. Experience, education and also kind of welding can also affect salary.
Usual salary in the U.S.: $22.17 per hr
Some salaries vary from $8.30 to $44.60 per hour
The Number Of Hours Welders Work
A lot of welders work full-time. Overtime is common, particularly on time-sensitive projects like particular building jobs. In that situation, welders may have a weekly workload that surpasses a normal 40-hour week. Since numerous factory operate all the time, they often have two or three 8- to 12-hour shifts daily. This means that some welders likewise function night and weekends.
A Welder who does not have a lot of work experience can get a job in a housing and utilities institution or a private company engaged in the service sector.
Experienced employees can take more responsible positions and often work in the industry, on construction sites.